Asthma is basically a medical condition which leads to difficulty in breathing. This difficulty usually stems from narrowing and swelling of the airways. In asthma there is production of mucus in huge quantities in the airways. Asthma is characterized by symptoms such as trouble in breathing, persistent cough, tightness in chest, chest pressure, etc. Asthma can be mild and may not require any kind of medical treatment. However, in some cases it has been seen that asthma is severe and has life-threatening consequences. Medical professionals put asthma into four categories according to the level of their severity.
- Mild intermittent asthma
- Moderate Persistent asthma
- Mild persistent asthma
- Severe Persistent asthma
People suffer from various kinds of asthma. A healthcare consultant will help you identify the kind of asthma you are suffering from. Mentioned below are different types of asthmas:
- Allergic Asthma: caused by allergens which lead to sneezing fits, watery eyes, etc.
- Non-allergic asthma
- Adult-Onset Asthma
Understanding the kind of asthma a person is suffering from, will help you get to the right treatment and handle your condition effectively. There are so many factors that escalate your risk of asthma such as overweight, smoking or high exposure to second-hand smoke, family history of asthma, high exposure to fumes or pollution, exposure to chemicals etc. Doctors usually prescribe allergy medications to treat asthma which is triggered by allergies. In some cases, oral corticosteroids are administered to help the patient. Immunotherapy has shown promising results in treatment of allergic Asthma.